Latin American Journal of Trade Policy 2023-09-01T02:33:44+00:00 Federico Rojas de Galarreta Open Journal Systems <p>The Latin American Journal of Trade Policy is an official publication of the Institute of International Studies of the University of Chile. Following an open access policy, the full version of the journal, and individual papers, will be available on-line free of charge.</p> <p>The Latin American Journal of Trade Policy (LAJTP) focusses on trade policy issues in Latin America from a multidisciplinary perspective. A particular aim of the journal is reduce the gap between academia and policymakers. As such, the journal encourages paper submissions on topics related to trade policy formulation, implementation and evaluation; international trade agreements and their impact, including WTO issues and preferential trade agreements; Latin American regional integration processes; and, bilateral trade and investment relations both between Latin American countries and with overseas economies.</p> <p>The journal is interested in publishing papers that draw policy relevant conclusions from academic research, that confront theoretical models with the Latin American experience and that use the specific regional experiences to develop new models. Particular consideration is given to empirical articles using quantitative, qualitative, or a mixed methods approach.</p> <p>We encourage the submission of articles that:</p> <ul> <li class="show">contribute to existing knowledge of trade policy making in Latin America;</li> <li class="show">develop and advance pertinent theories to the region;</li> <li class="show">deal with the gap between academia and policy making;</li> <li class="show">utilize quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method approaches.</li> </ul> <p>All correspondence regarding academic or formal aspects, or any other request related to the Journal, should be addressed to:</p> <p><strong>Editorial Team:</strong> <a href=""></a></p> <p><strong>Twitter:</strong> <a href="">@latin_iei</a></p> Women in Foreign Trade Policy: The case of Chile (1990-2022) 2023-08-31T16:12:21+00:00 Dorotea López Giral María José Henríquez Uzal Despite the gradual incorporation of women in different spheres of Chilean public policy since 1990, there is not enough research on the different impacts of this. For this reason, this article aims to provide some preliminary conclusions on the number of women, barriers that they face and identified the main topics where they worked in trade negotiations, between 1990 and 2022. The research is oriented to analyze Chilean Free Trade Agreements and at the World Trade Organization, focusing on the Chilean negotiation teams. Some initial findings demonstrate that there has been an increase in the entry of women as negotiators, especially in topics such as trade in services; however few women were appointed as chief negotiators, reflecting a persistent gender gap in the workplace and in decision-making. The research is being carried out on the basis of specialized literature and interviews with qualified informants. 2023-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dorotea López Giral, María José Henríquez Uzal Latin America in the context of Chinese economic growth: the problem of the super elasticity of imports 2023-03-17T16:35:07+00:00 Damián Paikin Maximiliano Albornoz <p>The China's demand for primary products reopened a debate in Latin America on the valuation of this trade relationship. On the one hand, some analysts see it as a great opportunity to place Latin American products. On the other hand, others have remarked the deindustrialization of exports and the growing the commodities in the basket. In this context, the work intends to contribute a further element to the debate, based on a quantitative analysis through the estimation of the bilateral elasticities of trade between China and three countries of the region, Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay for the period 1997-2019.</p> <p>This view allows us to understand to what extent this trade favors (or not) the growth of the countries based on an analysis of the impact of the partner's import basket in the face of an increase in national income.</p> 2023-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Damián Paikin, Maximiliano Albornoz The Treatment of Cultural Services in Central American Countries’ Preferential Trade Agreements 2023-03-27T00:13:50+00:00 Gilbert Gagné Cassandre Nycz <p>Cultural products (including goods and services) encompass visual, performing and literary arts, as well as newspapers, magazines, books, films, video and music recordings, radio and television, either in traditional or digital format. To the extent that they reflect the cultural identities of states, their treatment in international trade has been debated as to whether, or the extent to which, they should be exempted from trade obligations. The proliferation of preferential trade agreements and of digital platforms has rendered the debate ever more salient. The article summarizes the provisions on cultural services in Central American countries’ preferential trade agreements and discusses the scope of these provisions, in light of the cultural policy measures involved and states’ ability to pursue cultural policies. The countries considered are those belonging to the Central American Common Market, namely Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. These countries share some characteristics which make them worth considering in regard to the trade and culture debate. They also vary widely with respect to the number and scope of their commitments and/or exceptions relating to culture within the preferential trade agreements to which they are parties. In turn, such significant variations are primarily attributable to the importance each Central American country attaches to the protection of its cultural sector.</p> 2023-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Gilbert Gagné, Cassandre Nycz Trade Reforms, Capital Investments and the Feminization of Colombian Manufacturing Industries: 1981-2000 2023-02-01T17:42:58+00:00 Jairo G Isaza Castro Barry Reilly <p class="Abstract" style="text-align: justify; line-height: normal; margin: 18.0pt 1.7pt 15.0pt 0cm;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12.0pt;">We exploit a natural experiment provided by the trade liberalization that occurred in Colombia at the beginning of the 1990s to see its possible effects on the gender composition of the workforce across manufacturing industries. To control for the effects of changes in capital technology, our econometric panel data strategy controls for three different types of capital stock per worker (namely, machinery, office equipment and transport equipment) and compares estimates drawn from a variety of instruments. We also control for changes in market competition within different manufacturing industries with the implementation of a concentration index variable in order to measure the degree of market power. <a name="_Hlk105065937"></a>Our findings point out that the Colombian manufacturing industries that became more exposed to trade flows increased their share of female employment in a more pronounced way with respect to those that remained less exposed. This effect, however, appears to be stronger in the case of highly skilled workers. As predicted by microeconomic theory, we observe lower female shares of jobs in manufacturing industries with higher levels of industry concentration. Our results are also consistent with the literature that predicts an increasing feminization of employment as a result of a the massification of emerging computer technologies since the end of the 1980s. </span></p> 2023-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jairo G Isaza Castro, Barry Reilly